Dec 29, 2011

Commemorative 5 Rupee Coins

COMMEMORATIVE 5  RUPEES: INDIRA GANDHI

INDIRA GANDHI 
Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi (इंदिरा प्रियदर्शिनी गांधी -19 November 1917 to 31 October 1984) was an Indian politician who served as the third Prime Minister of India for three consecutive terms (1966–77) and a fourth term (1980–84).  Indira  Gandhi was the second female to hold the office of prime minister (after Sirimavo Bandaranaike of Sri Lanka) and she remains as the world's second longest serving female Prime Minister as of 2011. She was the first woman to become prime minister in India. Indira was the only child of Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minister of independent India. She adhered to the quasi-socialist policies of industrial development that had been begun by her father.  Indira established closer relations with the Soviet Union, depending on that nation for support in India’s long-standing conflict with Pakistan. She was also the only Indian Prime Minister to have declared a state of emergency in order to 'rule by decree'. She took remarkable development initiatives like Nationalization of Banks, Nuclear Weapon Programme, Green Revolution and implementation of Land Reforms.

COMMEMORATIVE 5  RUPEES: JAWAHAR LAL NEHRU CENTENARY

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU CENTENARY
Jawaharlal Nehru (जवाहरलाल नेहरू). 14 November 1889 to 27 May 1964, often referred to with the epithet of Pandit ji, was an Indian statesman who became the first Prime Minister of independent India (1947–64) and became noted for his “neutralist” policies in foreign affairs. He was also one of the principal leaders of India’s independence movement in the 1930s and ’40s. Nehru was elected by the Indian National Congress to assume office as independent India's first Prime Minister, and re-elected when the Congress Party won India's first general election in 1951 and 1952. Nehru contributed to the establishment of a secular Parliamentary democracy in India and was one of the founders of the international Non-Aligned Movement. The son of moderate nationalist leader and Congressman Motilal Nehru, Jawaharlal Nehru became a leader of the left wing of the Congress when fairly young. Rising to become Congress President under the mentorship of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Nehru was a charismatic and radical leader, advocating complete independence for India from the British Empire. In the long struggle for Indian independence, Nehru was eventually recognized as Gandhi's political heir. Throughout his life, Nehru advocated Democratic socialism/Fabian Socialism and a strong Public sector as the means by which economic development could be pursued by poorer nations. He was the father of Indira Gandhi and the maternal grandfather of Rajiv Gandhi, who would later serve as the third and sixth Prime Ministers of India.

COMMEMORATIVE FIVE RUPEES: ILO WORLD OF WORK

ILO: WORLD OF WORK
This 5 Rupee coin was released in order to commemorate the Platinum Jubilee Year if ILO. The ILO established in year 1919, is an international organization responsible for drawing up and overseeing international labour standards. The main aims of the ILO are to promote rights at work, encourage decent employment opportunities, enhance social protection and strengthen dialogue on work-related issues. Head Quarters of ILO is located at Geneva (Switzerland). The ILO was the first specialized agency that associated with the UN in the year 1946. It is the only 'tripartite' United Nations agency that brings together representatives of governments, employers and workers to jointly shape policies and programmes promoting Decent Work for all. This unique arrangement gives the ILO an edge in incorporating 'real world' knowledge about employment and work.

COMMEMORATIVE FIVE RUPEES: 50TH ANNIVERSARY OF UNITED NATIONS

50TH ANNIVERSARY OF UNITED NATIONS
The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress, human rights, and achievement of world peace. The UN was founded in 1945 after World War II to replace the League of Nations, to stop wars between countries, and to provide a platform for dialogue. It contains multiple subsidiary organizations to carry out its missions. There are currently 193 member states, including every internationally recognized sovereign state in the world but the Vatican City. From its offices around the world, the UN and its specialized agencies decide on substantive and administrative issues in regular meetings held throughout the year. The organization has six principal organs: the General Assembly (the main deliberative assembly); the Security Council (for deciding certain resolutions for peace and security); the Economic and Social Council (for assisting in promoting international economic and social cooperation and development); the Secretariat (for providing studies, information, and facilities needed by the UN); the International Court of Justice (the primary judicial organ); and the United Nations Trusteeship Council (which is currently inactive). Other prominent UN System agencies include the World Health Organization (WHO), the World Food Programme (WFP) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). The UN's most visible public figure is the Secretary-General, currently Ban Ki-moon of South Korea, who attained the post in 2007.The United Nations Headquarters resides in international territory in New York City, with further main offices at Geneva, Nairobi, and Vienna. The organization is financed from assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states, and has six official languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish.

COMMEMORATIVE FIVE RUPEES: FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANISATION (1945-1995)

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANISATION (1945-1995)
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) was established on 16th October 1945 in Quebec City of Canada. Presently the Headquarters is located in Rome, Italy. It is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger. Serving both developed and developing countries, FAO acts as a neutral forum where all nations meet as equals to negotiate agreements and debate policy. FAO is also a source of knowledge and information, and helps developing countries and countries in transition modernize and improve agriculture, forestry and fisheries practices, ensuring good nutrition and food security for all. Its Latin motto, fiat panis, translates into English as "let there be bread". As of 8 August 2008, FAO has 191 member states along with the European Union, Faroe Islands and Tokelau which are associate members. It is also a member of the United Nations Development Group.


COMMEMORATIVE FIVE RUPEES: 1995: 8TH WORLD TAMIL CONFERENCE, SAINT THIRUVALLUVAR


1995: 8TH WORLD TAMIL CONFERENCE, SAINT THIRUVALLUVAR



The World Tamil Conference is a series of occasional conferences to discuss the social growth of the Tamil language. Each conference is attended by thousands of Tamil enthusiasts around the world. Conferences are hosted in various cities in India, as well as world cities with a significant Tamil population. The conference aims in promoting the rich heritage of Tamil language, though many see it also as a political rallying point for electoral fortunes by the ruling dispensation in TN. 8th World Tamil Conference was hosted by India in the Thanjavur city of Tamil Nadu state in 1995.


COMMEMORATIVE FIVE RUPEES: MOTHER'S HEALTH IS CHILD'S HEALTH


MOTHER'S HEALTH IS CHILD'S HEALTH
In India and globally millions of infants and children develop physical/ physiological abnormalities and even large number of infant mortality were recorded yearly due to lack of healthy, nutritional & timely food availability and health provisions to the child bearing mother.  This coin was Released to create awareness and knowledge in the society regarding the importance of food, nutrition, health and hygiene provisions for the mother for bearing healthy child.

COMMEMORATIVE FIVE RUPEES: SECOND INTERNATIONAL CROP SCIENCE CONGRESS


SECOND INTERNATIONAL CROP SCIENCE CONGRESS
The 2nd International Crop Science Congress was conducted in New Delhi, India in 1996 with the theme “Crop productivity and Sustainability – Shaping the Future”. This conference was jointly organized by International Crop Science Society (www.cropscience.org.au), National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (www.naasindia.org) and the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (www.icar.org.in), New Delhi, India. Proceedings of the 2nd International Crop Science Congress were published in year 1998 (ISBN 81-204-1212-5), which was jointly edited by Dr. V.L Chopra, Dr. R.B. Singh and Dr. Anupam Varma.


COMMEMORATIVE FIVE RUPEES: BHAGWAN MAHAVIR 2600th JANM KALYANAK


BHAGWAN MAHAVIR 2600th JANM KALYANAK
The birthday of Lord Mahavir is called as "Mahavir Janma Kalyanak" and also popularly known as Mahavir Jayanti. The Lord Mahavir was the twenty-fourth and the last Tirthankara of the Jain religion. He was born in 599 B.C. in Bihar, India on the 13th day of the bright fortnight in the month of Chaitra i.e. Chaitra Sudi Teras. King Siddharth and queen Trishala's son, the prince was given the name of Vardhaman at birth. At the age of thirty, he left his family and royal household to become a monk. The Lord practised severe austerities and deep meditation for the subsequent twelve years. He then reached the village Jrambhika and stayed on the banks of the river Rijuvaluka where he attained Keval Gyan / Omniscience on the Tenth day of the bright half of the month of Vaisakh i.e. Vaisakh Sudi Dasam. Mahaveerswami spent the next 30 years preaching the path to eternal freedom or Moksha. At the age of 72, Lord Mahaveer attained Nirvana and his purified soul left his body.


COMMEMORATIVE FIVE RUPEES: DADABHAI NAOROJI (1825-1917)


DADABHAI NAOROJI (1825-1917)
Dadabhai Naoroji (1825-1917) well known as "The Grand Old Man of India"  was an early Indian politician, social leader, intellectual and educator. He wrote the book 'Poverty and Un-British Rule in India' which brought attention to the draining of India's wealth into Britain. He was a Member of Parliament (MP) in the United Kingdom House of Commons between 1892 and 1895. He was also the first Asian to be a British MP and credited as the founder of the Indian National Congress, along with A.O. Hume and Dinshaw Edulji Wacha.

COMMEMORATIVE FIVE RUPEES: K. KAMRAJ (1903-1975) 

K. KAMRAJ (1903-1975) 
K. Kamaraj (Kumarasami Kamaraj ) born on 15 July 1903, was an Indian politician, statesman and intellect. He became Member of Parliament during 1952-1954 and 1969-1975 and Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu state during 1954-1963. He was the man, well known for his simplicity and integrity. He was involved in the Indian independence movement.As a high-ranking office bearer of the Indian National Congress, he was instrumental in bringing to power two Prime Ministers, Lal Bahadur Shastri in 1964 and Indira Gandhi in 1966. In Tamil Nadu state, he introduced free education and the free Midday Meal Scheme during his tenure as chief minister. He was awarded with India's highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna Award, posthumously (after the death) in 1976.

COMMEMORATIVE FIVE RUPEES: LAL BAHADUR SHASTRI CENTENARY


LAL BAHADUR SHASTRI CENTENARY
Lal Bahadur was born in Mughal Sarai, to Sharada Srivastava Prasad, a school teacher.  In 1930, he threw himself into the freedom struggle during Mahatma Gandhi's Salt Satyagraha. He was imprisoned for two and a half years. Later, he worked as the Organizing Secretary of the Parliamentary Board of U.P. in 1937. In 1940, he was sent to prison for one year, for offering individual Satyagraha support to the freedom movement. Following India's independence, Shastri was appointed as Parliamentary Secretary in his home state, Uttar Pradesh. He became the Minister of Police and Transport under Govind Ballabh Pant's Chief Ministership. He played an important role in the landslide successes of the Congress Party in the Indian General Elections of 1952, 1957 and 1962. In 1951, Nehru nominated him to the Rajya Sabha. He served as the Minister of Railways and Transport in the Central Cabinet. Formerly the Minister of External Affairs, Shastri became the Indian Prime Minister after the death of Jawaharlal Nehru in June 1964.  After the secession of Indo-Pak war of 1965, Shastri and Pakistani President Muhammad Ayub Khan attended a summit in Tashkent (former USSR, now in modern Uzbekistan), organized by Alexei Kosygin. On 10 January 1966, Shastri and Khan signed the Tashkent Declaration. The next day Shastri, who had suffered two heart attacks earlier, died supposedly of a heart attack at 1:32 AM.
LALBAHADUR SHASTRI BIRTH CENTENARY (FERRIC STAINLESS STEEL)

COMMEMORATIVE FIVE RUPEES: 75 YEARS OF DANDI MARCH

75 YEARS OF DANDI MARCH (FERRIC STAINLESS STEEL)

The Salt March, also known as the Salt Satyagraha began with the Dandi March on March 12, 1930, and was an important part of the Indian independence movement, as a campaign of tax resistance and nonviolent protest against the British salt monopoly in India, and triggered the wider Civil Disobedience Movement. Mohandas Mahatma Gandhi ji started the Dandi march from Sabarmati Ashram near Ahmedabad, Gujrat to the sea coast near the village of Dandi. As he continued on this 24 day, 390 km march, to produce salt without paying the tax, growing numbers of Indians joined him along the way. When Gandhi broke the salt laws at 6:30 am on April 6, 1930, it sparked large scale acts of civil disobedience against the British Raj salt laws by millions of Indians. The campaign had a significant effect on changing world and British attitudes toward Indian independence and caused large numbers of Indians to join the fight for the first time.

COMMEMORATIVE FIVE RUPEES: MAHATMA BASAVESHWAR 

MAHATMA BASAVESHWAR  (FERRIC STAINLESS STEEL)
The Mahatma Basaveshwara was a spiritual leader and a practical visionary, who believed in “work is worship”. Basava (Basavanna) flourished in the 12th century in Karnataka. He was a Prime Minister to king Bijjala who ruled from 1157 to 1167 over Kalyana, a city of historic importance. He was indeed a great prophet for in him we find the combination of rare qualities. He was a mystic by temperament, an idealist by choice, a statesman by profession, a man of letters by taste, a humanist by sympathy and a social reformer by conviction. Basava strove hard to bring about reformation in Hinduism with regards to Untouchability, Gender equity and Secularism. Basava with a courageous frankness acknowledged the prevailing evils of the Hindu society and suggested ways and means to create a new orientation.
MAHATMA BASAVESHWAR (Cupro-Nickle)

COMMEMORATIVE FIVE RUPEES: JAGATH GURU SREE NARAYAN GURUDEV

JAGATH GURU SREE NARAYAN GURUDEV (Cupro-Nickle)

Sree Narayan Gurudev, was a Hindu saint and a social reformer of India. Narayan Gurudev was born into an Ezhava family, in an era when people from backward communities like the Ezhavas faced much social injustices in the caste-ridden Kerala society. Gurudevan, as he was fondly known to his followers, led Reform movement in Kerala, revolted against casteism and worked on propagating new values of freedom in spirituality and of social equality, thereby transforming the Kerala society and as such he is adored as a prophet. Narayan Guru is revered for his Vedic knowledge, poetic proficiency, and openness to the views of others, non-violent philosophy and his unrelenting resolve to set aright social wrongs. Narayan Guru was instrumental in setting the spiritual foundations for social reform in today's Kerala and was one of the most successful social reformers who tackled caste in India. He demonstrated a path to social emancipation without invoking the dualism of the oppressed and the oppressor.

JAGATH GURU SREE NARAYAN GURUDEV (FERRIC STAINLESS STEEL)


COMMEMORATIVE FIVE RUPEES: STATE BANK OF INDIA

STATE BANK OF INDIA
The evolution of State Bank of India can be traced back to the establishment of the Bank of Calcutta in Calcutta, in June 1806. It was the first ever joint-stock bank of the British India, established under the sponsorship of the Government of Bengal. Subsequently, the Bank of Bombay and the Bank of Madras were established followed the Bank of Bengal. These three banks were amalgamated to form the Imperial Bank of India, on 27 January 1921. The government of India nationalized the Imperial Bank of India in 1955, in order to fulfill the social welfare role of the bank by making credit accessible to the rural and disadvantaged class of the India. Currently SBI -with over 16,000 branches- has the largest banking branch network in India. SBI has 14 Local Head Offices and 57 Zonal Offices that are located at important cities throughout the country. It also has around 130 branches overseas.

COMMEMORATIVE FIVE RUPEES: ONGC 50 CELEBRATING INDIA

ONGC 50 CELEBRATING INDIA
The Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC) is an Indian state-owned oil and gas company headquartered in New Delhi, India. It was founded on 14 August 1956 by the Indian Government with the purpose of exploring hydrocarbons in sedimentary basins of India, and owns and operates over 11,000 kilometres of pipelines in the country. It is one of the largest Asia-based oil and gas exploration and production companies, and produces around 77% of India's total crude oil production (and around 30% of total demand) and around 81% of natural gas production. It is one of the largest publicly traded companies by market capitalization in India and the largest India-based company measured by profit.


COMMEMORATIVE FIVE RUPEES: LOKMANYA BAL GANGADHAR TILAK


LOKMANYA BAL GANGADHAR TILAK
 (  लोकमान्य  बाल गंगाधर तिलाक की )  BIRTH CENTENARY

Keshavh Bal Gangadhar Tilak well known as Lokmanya Tilak was an Indian nationalist, teacher, social reformer, lawyer and independence fighter who was the first popular leader of the Indian Independence Movement. The British colonial authorities derogatorily called him "Father of the Indian unrest". He was also conferred with the honorary title of "Lokmanya", which literally means "Accepted by the people(as their leader)". Tilak was one of the first and strongest advocates of "Swaraj"(Self-rule) and a strong radical in Indian consciousness. His famous quote, "Swaraj is my birthright, and I shall have it!" is well-remembered in India even today.
Social Contribution: In 1894, Tilak transformed household worshipping of Ganesha into Sarvajanik Ganeshotsav (Pubilc Festival). He started  "Kesari", a prominent Marathi weekly  in 1880-81. In 1903, he wrote the book The Arctic Home in the VedasTilak also authored 'Shrimadbhagwadgeetarahasya' - the analysis of 'Karmayoga' in the Bhagavadgita  

LOKMANYA BAL GANGADHAR TILAK
 (  लोकमान्य  बाल गंगाधर तिलाकजी  की )  BIRTH CENTENARY
LOKMANYA BAL GANGADHAR TILAK
 ( लो क मा न्य  बा ल गंगाधर ति लाक जी की  )  BIRTH CENTENARY
LOKMANYA BAL GANGADHAR TILAK  BIRTH CENTENARY (Ferric Stainless Steel)

COMMEMORATIVE FIVE RUPEES: 50 YEARS KHADI AND VILLAGE INDUSTRIES

50 YEARS KHADI AND VILLAGE INDUSTRIES

COMMEMORATIVE FIVE RUPEES: 150 YEARS THE FIRST WAR OF INDEPENDENCE 

150 YEARS THE FIRST WAR OF INDEPENDENCE 

COMMEMORATIVE FIVE RUPEES: SAINT ALPHANSO BIRTH CENTENARY (1910-2009)

SAINT ALPHANSO BIRTH CENTENARY (1910-2009)
Saint Alphonsa Muttathupadathu, F.C.C., or Saint Alphonsa of the Immaculate Conception (named as Annakkutty by her parents) born on 19 August 1910 in Kudamalloor, near Kottayam, was a Syro-Malabar Catholic Franciscan Religious Sister who was honoured as a saint. She is the first person of Indian origin to be canonized as a saint by the Catholic Church. She joined the Franciscan Clarist Congregation and through them, completed her schooling. Anna arrived at the Clarist convent at Bharananganam, Kottayam district, on Pentecost Sunday 1927. She received the postulant's veil on 2 August 1928, and in May 1929 was assigned to teach at Malayalam High School at Vazhappally. On 19 May 1930 Anna entered the novitiate of the congregation at Bharananganam and received the religious habit, taking the religious name of Alphonsa of the Immaculate Conception at that time. On 11 August 1931, she completed the novitiate and took her first vows. Sister Alphonsa took her permanent vows on 12 August 1936. She died on 28 July 1946, at the age of 35. She is buried at St. Mary's Syro-Malabar Catholic Church.

COMMEMORATIVE FIVE RUPEES: 60 YEARS OF THE COMMONWEALTH

60 YEARS OF THE COMMONWEALTH
The Commonwealth of Nations, normally referred to as the Commonwealth and formerly known as the British Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 54 independent member countries. The association has roots as far back as the 1870s. It was reconstituted in 1949 when Commonwealth Prime Ministers met and adopted the ‘London Declaration’ where it was agreed all member countries would be “freely and equally associated”. All members except Mozambique and Rwanda were part of the British Empire, out of which the Commonwealth developed. The member countries cooperate within a framework of common values and goals, as outlined in the Singapore Declaration. These include the promotion of democracy, human rights, good governance, rule of law, individual liberty, egalitarianism, free trade, multilateralism and world peace. The Commonwealth is not a political union, but an intergovernmental organisation in which countries with diverse social, political and economic backgrounds are regarded as equal in status.

COMMEMORATIVE FIVE RUPEES: PERARIGNAR ANNA CENTENARY 


PERARIGNAR ANNA CENTENARY (1909-1969)
Conjeevaram Natarajan Annadurai well known as Perarignar Anna, Anna and Arignar Anna (Anna the scholar) was a former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu. He was the first non-Congress leader to form a majority government in independent India. He was well known for his oratorical skills and was an acclaimed writer in the Tamil language. He scripted and acted in several plays. Born in a middle-class family, he first worked as a school teacher, and then as a journalist. He edited several political journals and later joined Dravidar Kazhagam, a political party in Madras State. Annadurai with his supporters parted from Dravidar Kazhagam and launched his own party, Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK). He legalised Self-respect marriages, enforced a two language policy, implemented subsidies for rice, and renamed Madras State to Tamil Nadu. He died of cancer after just two years into office on 3 February 1969.

COMMEMORATIVE FIVE RUPEES: DR. RAJENDRA PRASAD BIRTH CENTENARY


DR. RAJENDRA PRASAD BIRTH CENTENARY

Babu Rajendra Prasad -born in the Siwan district of Bihar- was an Indian politician who became the first President of India and twice in succession (26 January 1950 to 13 May 1962). He was one of the architects of the Indian Republic, having served as the president of the Constituent Assembly and later as the first president of independent India.
Rajendra Prasad served in various educational institutions as a teacher and in the year 1916 he joined the High Court of Bihar and Orissa. During the independence movement, he left his practice of law and joined the Congress Party, playing a prominent role in the Indian Independence Movement. He also served as Minister of Food and Agriculture in the year 1946 in the Interim national Government. His literary contributions include ‘Satyagraha at Champaran’ (1922), ‘India Divided’ (1946), ‘Atmakatha’ (his autobiography written during his 3-year prison term in Bankipur Jail), ‘Mahatma Gandhi and Bihar Some Reminiscences’ (1949) , ‘Bapu ke Kadmon Mein’ (1954) and ‘Since Independence’ (published in 1960).

COMMEMORATIVE FIVE RUPEES: PLATINUM JUBILEE OF RBI (1905-2010)

PLATINUM JUBILEE OF RBI (1905-2010)
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is India's central banking institution, which controls the monetary policy of the Indian rupee. It was established on 1 April 1935, during British Period in accordance with the provisions of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934. The share capital was divided into shares of ₹1 100 each fully paid which was entirely owned by private shareholders in the beginning. Following India's independence in 1947, the RBI was nationalised in the year 1949.
Its functions include Issuing of legal tender (currency) in India, monetary authority (formulates, implements and monitors the monetary policy in order to maintain price stability and ensure adequate flow of credit to productive sectors), Regulation and supervision of the financial system, Management of Foreign Exchange (to facilitate external trade and payment and promote orderly development and maintenance of foreign exchange market in India).

COMMEMORATIVE FIVE RUPEE: MOTHER TERESA BIRTH CENTENARY


MOTHER TERESA BIRTH CENTENARY
Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu well known as Blessed Mother Teresa of Calcutta or Mother Teresa, born on 26 August 1910 was an Albanian–born Indian Roman Catholic nun. Mother Teresa founded the Missionaries of Charity, a Roman Catholic religious congregation. For over 45 years, she ministered to the poor, sick, orphaned, and dying, while guiding the Missionaries of Charity's expansion, first throughout India and then in other countries. Her beatification by Pope John Paul II following her death gave her the title "Blessed Teresa of Calcutta".
She was the recipient of numerous honours including the 1979 Nobel Peace Prize. Her awards include the first Pope John XXIII Peace Prize, the Philippines-based Ramon Magsaysay Award, the Pacem in Terris Award, The Order of Merit from both the United Kingdom and the United States, Albania's Golden Honour of the Nation, honorary degrees, the Balzan Prize, and the Albert Schweitzer International Prize among many others. She died on 5th day of September 1997.

COMMEMORATIVE FIVE RUPEES: C. SUBRAMANIAM BIRTH CENTENARY (1910-2010) 


C. SUBRAMANIAM BIRTH CENTENARY (1910-2010) 
Chidambaram Subramaniam (born on January 30, 1910) was an Indian statesman, freedom fighter and a politician. He served as the Minister (Education, Law and Finance) in the then Madras State and as Central Minister for Steel and Mines and most importantly as Central Minister of Food and Agriculture and spearheaded the India Green Revolution. Later held the portfolios of Finance and Defence. He also worked as the deputy chairperson of the planning commission of India. Subramaniam was appointed Governor of Maharashtra in 1990. He is best known as the architect of India’s modern agricultural development policy, after the success of his programme which led to a record production of wheat in 1972, an achievement termed as the Indian Green Revolution. As Minister for Food and Agriculture, he played a decisive role in the introduction of high-yielding varieties of seeds and more intensive application of fertilizers which paved the way for increased output of cereals in the late 60s and attainment of self-sufficiency in food-grains in the country. He was honoured with awards like, Bharat Ratna Award, Y.B. Chavan National Integration Award, U Thant peace award and Norman Borlaug award and  Anuvrat award. He died on November 7, 2000.

COMMEMORATIVE FIVE RUPEES: 1000 YEARS OF BRIHADEESWARAR TEMPLE 

1000 YEARS OF BRIHADEESWARAR TEMPLE 
The Peruvudaiyar Koyil, also known as Bragadeeswarar Temple or Rajarajeswaram was Built in 1010 AD by Raja Raja Chola in Thanjavur which turned 1000 years old in 2010. It is a Hindu temple dedicated to Shiva and a brilliant example of the major heights achieved by Cholas in Tamil architecture. This temple is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site "Great Living Chola Temples". The temple stands amidst fortified walls that were probably added in the 16th century. The temple tower (Vimana) is 216 ft tall and is among the tallest of its kind in the world. The entire temple structure is made out of hard granite stones.

COMMEMORATIVE FIVE RUPEES: XIX COMMONWEALTH GAMES 2010 DELHI

XIX COMMONWEALTH GAMES 2010 DELHI

COMMEMORATIVE FIVE RUPEES: INCOME TAX- 150 YEARS OF BUILDING INDIA

INCOME TAX- 150 YEARS OF BUILDING INDIA

COMMEMORATIVE FIVE RUPEES: COMPTROLLER & AUDITOR GENERAL OF INDIA (1860-2010)

COMPTROLLER & AUDITOR GENERAL OF INDIA (1860-2010)

COMMEMORATIVE FIVE RUPEES: CIVIL AVIATION INDIA 100 YEARS (1911-2011)

CIVIL AVIATION INDIA 100 YEARS (1911-2011)

COMMEMORATIVE FIVE RUPEES: 60 YEARS OF THE PARLIAMENT OF INDIA

60 YEARS OF THE PARLIAMENT OF INDIA


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